For the most recent list of publications by the Sustainable Cropping Systems Lab, please explore our Google Scholar profile. 

Names in bold text are or were members of the Sustainable Cropping Systems Lab.


Kundert, J., Gutknecht, J., Rakkar, M., & Jungers, J. M. Perennial grain crop termination methods affect carbon flux and soil health. Journal of Sustainable Agriculture and Environment.


Black, K., Johnson, G. A., Wells, S. S., Garcia y Garcia, A., Jungers, J. M., & Strock, J. S. Effects of landscape position on perennial biomass and food crop performance in buffer areas. Ecosphere.

Woeltjen, S., Gutknecht, & Jungers, J. M. Perennial grain maintains larger root stock than annual grain, but root growth and decomposition patterns differ across perennial grain stand age. Grassland Research

Zhen, X., Dobbratz, M., Jungers, J. M., Sadok, W. Does interannual yield decline of intermediate wheatgrass respond to management and climate in the Upper Midwest? Agriculture, Ecosystems, and Environment

Reilly, E. C., Conway, A., Franco, J., Jungers, J. M., Moore, E. B, & Williams, C. Editorial – Continuous living cover: Adaptive strategies for putting regenerative agriculture into practice. Frontiers in Sustainable Food Systems

Shoenberg, E. D., Jungers, J. M., Law, E. P., Keene, C. L., DiTommaso, A., Sheaffer, C. C., Wyse, D. L., Picasso, V. D., & Stoltenberg, D. E. Synthetic auxin herbicides do not injure intermediate wheatgrass or affect grain yield. Weed Technology

Poudel, K., Sheaffer, C., Jungers, J. M., Weihs, B., Lamb, J., Bauder, S., Picasso, V., Heuschele, J., Xu, Z. Quantifying winter survival of alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.). Agronomy Journal

Fruend Saxhaug, K., Jungers, J. M., Wyse, D., Sheaffer, C., & Heggeman, A. Field production of purple coneflower for beneficial phytochemicals. Journal of Horticultural Science and Biotechnology

Wilson, G. L., Mulla, D. J., Jordan, N. J., Jungers, J. M., Gordon, B. A. Simulating the effect of perennialized cropping systems on nitrate-N losses using the SWAT model. Frontiers in Agronomy, 5,1180232. 

Mulla, D., Tahir, M., & Jungers, J. M. (2023). Comparative simulation of crop productivity, soil moisture, and nitrate-nitrogen leaching losses for intermediate wheatgrass and maize in Minnesota using the DSSAT model. Frontiers in Sustainable Food Systems, 7, 1010383. 

DeHaan, L. R., Anderson, J. A., Bajgain, P., Basche, A., Cattani, D. J., Crain, J., Crews, T. E., David, C., Duchene, O., Gutknecht, J., Hayes, R. C., Hu, F., Jungers, J. M., Knudsen, S., Kong, W., Larson, S., Lundquist, P. O., Luo, G., Miller, A. J., Nabukalu, P., Newell, M. T., Olsson, L., Palmgren, M., Paterson, A. H., Picasso, V. D., Poland, J. A., Sacks, E. J., Wang, S., Westerbergh, A. (2023). Now is the time to expand perennial grain research. Science of the Total Environment, 895(15), 164975.

Jungers, J. M., Runck, B. C., Ewing, P. M., Maaz, T., Carlson, C., Neyhart, J., Fumia, N., Bajgain, P., Subedi, S., Sharma, V., Senay, S., Hunter, M., Cureton, C., Gutknecht, J., Kantar, M. Adapting perennial grain and oilseed crops for climate resiliency. (2023). Crop Science, 63(4), 1701-1721. 

Culman, S., Pinto, P., Pugliese, J., Crews, T., DeHaan, L., Jungers, J. M., Larson, J., Ryan, M., Schipanski, M., Sulc, M., Wayman, S., Wiedenhoeft, M., Stoltenberg, D., Picasso, V. (2023). Forage harvest management impacts "Kernza" intermediate wheatgrass productivity across North America. Agronomy Journal, 115(15), 2424-2438,

Dobbratz, M., Jungers, J. M., & Gutknecht, J. (2023) Seasonal plant nitrogen use and soil N pools in intermediate wheatgrass (Thinopyrum intermedium). Agriculture, 14, 468.

Rakkar, M., Jungers, J. M., Sheaffer, C. C., Bergquist, G., Grossman, J., Li, F., & Gutknecht, J. (2023). Soil health improvements from using a novel perennial grain during the transition to organic production. Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment, 341, 108164. 


Bergquist, G., Gutknecht, J. L., Sheaffer, C. C., & Jungers, J. M. 2022. Plant suppression and termination methods to maintain intermediate wheatgrass (Thinopyrum intermedium) grain yield. Agriculture, 12(10), 1638.

Reilly, E. C., Gutknecht, J. L., Tautges, N. E., Sheaffer, C. C., & Jungers, J. M. 2022. Nitrogen transfer and yield effects of legumes intercropped with the perennial grain crop intermediate wheatgrass. Field Crops Research, 286, 108627. 

Freund Saxhaug, K., Jungers, J. M., Wyse, D. L., Sheaffer, C. C., & Hegeman, A. D. 2022. Hydroponic production of fireweed for biomass and phytochemicals. Canadian Journal of Plant Science, 102(6), 1164-1176. 

Reilly, E. C., J. L. Gutknecht, N. E. Tautges, C. C. Sheaffer, J. M. Jungers. 2022. Nitrogen transfer and yield effects of legumes intercropped with the perennial grain crop intermediate wheatgrass. Field Crops Research. 286:108287.

Puka-Beals, J., C. C. Sheaffer, J. M. Jungers. 2022. Forage yield and profitability of grain-type intermediate wheatgrass under different harvest schedules. Agrosystems, Geosciences & Environment. 5:e20274

Jungers, J. M., S. Schiffner, C. Sheaffer, N. Ehlke, L. DeHaan, J. Torrion, R. Noland, J. Franco. 2022. Effects of seeding date on grain and biomass yield of intermediate wheatgrass. Agronomy Journal. 114:2342-2351.

Eckberg, J., S. S. Wells, J. M. Jungers, C. C. Sheaffer. 2022. Alfalfa forage yield, milk yield, and nutritive value under intensive cutting. Agrosystems, Geosciences & Environment. 5:e20246


Heineck, G. C., B. Schlautman, E. P. Law, M. R. Ryan, J. W. Zimbric, V. Picasso, D. E. Stoltenberg, C. C. Sheaffer, J. M. Jungers. 2021. Intermediate wheatgrass seed size and moisture dynamics inform grain harvest timing. Crop Science. 62:410-464.

Jungers, J. M., Y. Yang, C. Fernandez, F. Isbell, C. Lehman, D. Wyse, C. C. Sheaffer. 2021. Diversifying bioenergy crops increases yield and yield stability by reducing weed abundance. Science Advances. 7:eabg8531.

Dobbratz, J., J. Gutknecht, D. Wyse, C. C. Sheaffer, J. M. Jungers. 2021. Inconsistent effects of species diversity and N fertilization on soil microbes and carbon storage in perennial bioenergy cropping systems. Renewable Agriculture and Food Systems. 37:60-70

Prigge, J. L., C. C. Sheaffer, J. M. Jungers, A. L. Jaqueth, H. L. Lochner, K. L. Martinson. 2021. Forage characteristics and grazing preference of cover crops in equine pasture systems. Journal of Equine Veterinary Science. 103:103663.

Schiffner, S., J. M. Jungers, D. Van Tassel, K. P. Smith, C. C. Sheaffer. 2021. Seeding date affects seed and biomass yield of Silphium integriufolium Michx. (silflower). Native Plants Journal. 22:30-44.

Kazanski, C. E., J. Cowles, S. Dymond, A. T. Clark, A. S. David, J. M. Jungers, A. E. Kendig, C. E. Riggs, J. Trost, X. Wei. 2021. Water availability modifies productivity response to biodiversity and nitrogen in long-term grassland experiments. Ecological Applications. 31:e02363.

Dai, Y., R. Bharathi, G. A. Annor, J. M. Jungers, C. Tyl. 2021. Effect of bran pre-treatment with endoxylanase on the characteristics of intermediate wheatgrass (Thinopyrum intermedium) bread. Foods. 10:1464.

Duchene, O., B. Dumont, D. J. Cattani, L. Fagnant, B. Schlautman, L. R. DeHaan, S. Barriball, J. M. Jungers, V. D. Picasso, C. David, F. Celette. 2021. Process-based analysis of Thinopyrum intermedium phenological development highlights the importance of dual induction for reproductive growth and agronomic performance. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology


Heineck, G. C., N. J. Ehlke, K. A. Altendorf, R. F. Denison, J. M. Jungers, E. G. Lamb, E. Watkins. 2020. Relationships and influence of yield components on spaced-plant and sward seed yield in perennial ryegrass. Grass and Forage Science. 75:424-437.

Yang, Y., S. E. Hobbie, R. R. Hernandez, J. Fargione, S. M. Grodsky, D. Tilman, Y. Zhu, Y. Luo, T. M. Smith, J. M. Jungers, M. Yang, W. Chen. 2020. Restoring abandoned farmland to mitigate climate change on a full earth. One Earth. 3:176-186.

Fernandez, C. W., N. Ehlke, C. C. Sheaffer, J. M. Jungers. 2020. Effects of nitrogen fertilization and planting density on intermediate wheatgrass yield. Agronomy Journal. 112:4159-4170.

Sakiroglu, M., C. Dong, M. B. Hall, J. M. Jungers, V. Picasso. 2020. How does nitrogen and forage harvest affect belowground biomass and nonstructural carbohydrates in dual-use Kernza intermediate wheatgrass? Crop Science. 60:2562-2573.

Bajgain, P., X. Zhang, J. M. Jungers, L. R. DeHaan, B. Heim, C. C. Sheaffer, D. L. Wyse, J. A Anderson. 2020. 'MN-Clearwater', the first food-grade intermediate wheatgrass (Kernza perennial grain) cultivar. Journal of Plant Registrations. 14:288-297.

Schiffner, S., J. M. Jungers, B. S. Hulke, D. L. Van Tassel, K. P. Smith, C. C. Sheaffer. Silflower seed and biomass responses to plant density and nitrogen fertilization. Agrosystems, Geosciences & Environment. 3: e20118

Freund Saxhaug, K., J. M. Jungers, D.L Wyse, C.S. Sheaffer. 2020. Cultivation of native plants for seed and biomass production. Agronomy Journal. 112:1815-1827.

Hunter, M. C., C. S. Sheaffer, S. Culman, W. Lazarus, J. M. Jungers. 2020. Effects of defoliation and row spacing on intermediate wheatgrass II: Forage yield and economics. Agronomy Journal. 112:1862-1880.

Hunter, M. C., C. S. Sheaffer, S. Culman, J. M. Jungers. 2020. Effects of defoliation and row spacing on intermediate wheatgrass I: Grain production. Agronomy Journal. 112:1748-1763.

Grev, A. M., M. S. Wells, D. N. Catalano, K. L. Martinson, J. M. Jungers, C. S. Sheaffer. 2020. Morphology and stem and leaf forage nutritive value of reduced lignin alfalfa. Agronomy Journal. 112:406-417.


Yang, Y., E. C. Reilly, J. M. Jungers, J. Chen, T. M. Smith. 2019. Climate benefits of increasing plant diversity in perennial bioenergy crops. One Earth. 1:434-445.

Heineck, G. C., J. M. Jungers, E. Gilbert, I. McNish, E. Watkins. 2019. Using R-based Image Analysis to Quantify Rusts on Perennial Ryegrass. The Plant Phenome Journal. 2.

Jungers, J. M., R. Noland, D. E. Kaiser, D. A. Samac, J. A. Lamb, M. S. Wells, J. F. S. Lamb, C. C. Sheaffer. 2019. Potassium fertilization affects alfalfa forage yield, nutritive value, root traits, and persistence. Agronomy Journal. 111.

Jungers J.M., L. R. DeHaan, D. J. Mulla, C. C. Sheaffer, D. L. Wyse. 2019. Reduced nitrate leaching in a perennial grain crop compared to maize in the Upper Midwest, USA. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment. 272:63-73.


Tautges N., J. M. Jungers, L. R. DeHaan, D. L. Wyse, C. C. Sheaffer. 2018. Maintaining grain yields of the perennial cereal intermediate wheatgrass in monoculture vs. biculture with alfalfa in the Upper Midwestern U.S. Journal of Agricultural Science. 156:758-773.

Jungers J. M., C. S. Frahm, N. Tautges, N. Ehlke, M. S. Wells, D. L. Wyse, C. C. Sheaffer. 2018. Growth, development, and biomass partitioning of the perennial grain crop Thinopyrum intermedium. Annals of Applied Biology. 172:346-354.

Ryan M. R., T. Crews, S. Culman, L. R. DeHaan, R. Hayes, J. M. Jungers, M. Bakker. 2018. Managing multifunctionality in perennial grain crops. BioScience. 68:294-304.

Frahm C. S., N. E. Tautges, J. M. Jungers, N. J. Ehlke, D. L Wyse, C. C. Sheaffer. 2018. Responses of intermediate wheatgrass to plant growth regulators and nitrogen fertilizer. Agronomy Journal. 110:1028-1035.


Tautges N. E. , C. Flavin, T. Michaels, J. Lamb, J. M. Jungers, C. C. Sheaffer. 2017. Rotating alfalfa with dry bean as an alternative to corn-soybean rotations in organic systems in the Upper Midwest. Renewable Agriculture and Food Systems. 34:41-49.

Jungers J. M., J. O. Eckberg, K. Betts, M. E. Mangan, D. L. Wyse, C. C. Sheaffer. 2017. Plant roots and GHG mitigation in native perennial bioenergy cropping systems. Global Change Biology: Bioenergy. 9:326-338.

Jungers J. M., L. DeHaan, K. Betts, C. C. Sheaffer, D. L. Wyse. 2017. Intermediate wheatgrass grain and forage yield responses to nitrogen fertilization. Agronomy Journal. 109:1-11.


Jungers J.M., M. Brakke, A. Rendhal, C. C. Sheaffer. 2016. Identifying base temperature for alfalfa germination: Implications for frost seeding. Crop Science. 56:2833-2840.

M. B. Kantar,* C. E. Tyl,* K. M. Dorn,* X. Zhang,* J. M. Jungers,* J. M. Kaser,* R. R. Schendel,* J. O. Eckberg,* B. C. Runck,* M. Bunzel, N. R. Jordan, R. M. Stupar, M. D. Marks, J. A. Anderson, G. A. Johnson, C. C. Sheaffer, T. C. Schoenfuss, B. Ismail, G. E. Heimpel, D. L. Wyse. 2016. Perennial grain and oilseed crops. Annual Reviews of Plant Biology. 67:703-729. *These authors contributed equally to this work.


Jungers, J. M., A. Clark, K. Betts, M. Mangen, C. C. Sheaffer, D. L. Wyse. 2015. Long-term biomass yield and species composition in native perennial bioenergy cropping systems. Agronomy Journal. 107:1627-1640.

Jungers, J. M., C. C. Sheaffer, J. A. Lamb. 2015. Effects of nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium fertilizers on prairie biomass yield, ethanol yield, and nutrient removal. BioEnergy Research. 8:279-291.

Jungers, J. M., D. L. Wyse, C. C. Sheaffer. 2015. Establishing native, perennial bioenergy crops with cereal grain companion crops. BioEnergy Research. 8:109-118.

Jungers, J. M., T. Arnold, C. L. Lehman. 2015. Effects of harvesting biomass from conservation grasslands on waterfowl nest success and density. American Midland Naturalist. 173:122-132.

Gamble, J., J. M. Jungers, D. L. Wyse, G. Johnson, J. A. Lamb, C. C. Sheaffer. 2015. Effect of harvest date on biomass yield, moisture, mineral concentration, and mineral export in low-input grasslands in Minnesota. BioEnergy Resesarch. 8:740-749.


Jungers J.M. 2014. Managing conservation grasslands for bioenergy and wildlife. PhD Dissertation. University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN. 142 pp.


Jungers, J. M., J. E. Fargione, C. C. Sheaffer, D. L. Wyse, C. L. Lehman. 2013. Energy potential of biomass from conservation grasslands in Minnesota, USA. PLoS One. 8(4): e 61209.